Arranged marriages are traditional in Indian society and continue to account for an overwhelming majority of marriages in the Indian subcontinent. Despite the fact that romantic love is “fulsomely celebrated” in both Indian mass media (such as Bellwood) and folklore, and the arranged marriage tradition lacks any official legal recognition or support, the institution has proved to be “surprisingly robust” in adapting to changed social circumstances and has defied predictions of decline as India modernized. The Indian subcontinent has historically been home to a wide variety of wedding systems. Some were unique to the region, such as Swayamvara (which was rooted in the historical Vedic religion and had a strong hold in popular culture because it was the procedure used by Rama and Sita). In a swayamvara, the girl’s parents broadcast the intent of the girl to marry and invited all interested men to be present in a wedding hall on a specific date and time. The girl, who was also often given some prior knowledge about the men or was aware of their general reputation, would circulate the hall and indicate her choice by garlanding the man she wanted to marry.
Sometimes the father of the bride would arrange for a competition among the suitors, such as a feat of strength, to help in the selection process. Another variant was the Gandharva marriage, which involved simple mutual consent between a man and a woman based on mutual attraction and no rituals or witnesses. The marriage of Dushyanta and Shakuntala was an example of this marriage. With the expanding social reform and female emancipation that accompanied economic and literacy growth after independence, many commentators predicted the gradual demise of arranged marriages in India, and the inexorable rise of so-called “love marriages” (i.e. where the initial contact with potential spouses does not involve the parents or family members. That has not yet come to pass and the institution proved to be “remarkably resilient” in the Indian social context, though it has undergone radical change. Commonly in urban areas and increasingly in rural parts, parents now arrange for marriage-ready sons and daughters to meet with multiple potential spouses with an accepted right of refusal.
These arranged marriages are effectively the result of a wide search by both the girl’s family and the boy’s family. Child marriages are also in steady decline and deemed unlawful in India (with legal age of marriage at 21 years for men and 18 years for women), so the term “arranged marriage” now increasingly refers to marriages between consenting adults well past the age of sexual maturity. Due to this, a strong distinction is now drawn by sociologists and policymakers between arranged marriages (which involve consenting adults that have choice and unhindered rights of refusal) and forced marriages. Another significant trend in arranged marriages is related to the loosening of traditional clan-bonds in India. Where potential spouses for sons and daughters were once identified through family and social relationships, they are increasingly being solicited through advertising because many urban parents no longer have the social reach that was a given before the rise of nuclear families in India.
The ham’s in the oven, and the stockings are hung by the chimney with care. Isn’t it about time to break out your holiday playlists? You know, “White Christmas,” “Frosty the Snowman” and “Santa Baby?” You can’t rock around the Christmas tree to just any old song. Regardless of where you live – be it cold and snowy or humid and tropical – there’s nothing like a little Christmas cheer delivered through your speakers to get you in a holiday mood. We can almost envision waking up to a fresh blanket of snow with “Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!” We instantly get a snuggly vibe when hearing Nat King Cole sing “The Christmas Song” (Chestnuts roasting on an open fire, LesbianBoner.com anyone?) We can’t help but giggle when we’re shopping and “Grandma Got Run Over By A Reindeer” comes on. Yes, taupi.org we love them. Christmas tunes are the backdrop to all of our holiday activities. And they’re the focal point of this quiz. This post has been created by GSA Content Generator Demov ersion!
We’re giving you 35 clues; think of them as hints about what presents are under the tree! Identify the vintage tunes and then step back, crank up your speakers, and get ready to ring in the season! What is its name? If anybody but Santa Claus were to see you “when you’re sleeping” and know “when you’re awake,” it would be downright creepy. Of course, a fat guy in a red fur suit makes it OK. If anybody but Santa Claus were to see you “when you’re sleeping” and know “when you’re awake,” it would be downright creepy. Of course, a fat guy in a red fur suit makes it OK. Here Comes Santa Claus” was written by Gene Autry, known as the “Singing Cowboy,” in the late 1940s. Autry is said to have been inspired by a horseback ride during a parade, which helped him craft the lyrics to this popular childhood tune.” What song is it? Hey, we didn’t make it up.
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